Location and climate
Spa treatment
Monuments and culture
Spa traditions
Obory - the craddle of Konstancin

History of Konstancin
written by Józef Hertel

Spa traditions

Already at the beginning of city creation, the founder issued a document (dating 1902), where we can read what follows: "Crystal clear air, soaked with balsamic resin, with the aromas of fields and meadows, quiet whisper of coniferous forests... Deep, clear river jeziorka and the picturesque stream Wierzbna - that's what Konstancin got from Mother Nature." About the features of Konstancin - its landscape, stylish architecture and medical features wrote the following papers: "Kurier Warszawski", "Tygodnik Ilustrowany", "Wie¶ Ilustrowana". The creators of Konstancin's stylish architecture, including the famous Casino and English park, was lead by the family of Warsaw and Konstancin builders - the counts Collona-Czosnowskis - Wladysław, the father and his sons - Bronisław, architect and Tadeusz - engineer. It's worth quoting here what was printed in "Wie¶ Ilustrowana" in 1910: "The landscape, features and comfort put Konstancin in the lead, and as medical authorities claim - the settlement has all that' needed to become a climating station and a spa...". Those medica authorities were the members of The Board of Society: dr. Roman Skowroński and dr. Józef Laskowski.
The stylish architecture was the reason why Konstancin got its nickname: Graden-City. Beside the elegant, private mansions, new pensions like "Biruta", "leliwa", "Kaprys" or "Mon Repos" with spa aspirations became the unique monemental set of Konstancin after it was designated a spa status in 1917.
During the first years of 20th century the spa of Dr. Frenkel is created in Chylice, called "Hugonówka".
The entertaining functions were taken over by the famous "Casino", located on the sandy beach of Jeziorka. All the combined features of Konstancin made it quite popular among the local and not only people and it soon became very fashionable place to visit.
There were more and more people of art and culture in the city, besides the usual government VIPs, industrial lords and diplomats. Those latter often called the place "Konstancin les Bains" - Konstancin Spa.
The artistic traditions were established since 1903 by Aleksander Mann - an aknowledged painter and his wife Janina - a poet; also by Adam Karasiński - a musician, Ludomir Różycki - a composer, The Karnickis family - musicians and singers, Zdzisław Jasiński - a paniter, Stanisław Jackowski - a sculptor. In 1927 a Home for retired Actors is established in Skolimów.
During the 20's Stefan Żeromski lived and worked here; in the 30's it was Wacław G±siorowski. That's where the famous academic settlement of the name of Kasa Mianowski was held in villa "Anna". Wacław G±siorowski was also an exceptional host of Konstancin, being its administrator - he undertook the loan to develop the area of Konstancin-Skolimów Common. He and the reknown doctor, Bronisław Wajnert, the owner of villa "Szumin" were the initiators of Konstancin's evelopment toward spa. The plan the forelaid was made official in 1938. The outbreak of World War II put an end to those intentions.
During the war higher officers and rulers of Reich resided in the area. The inhabitants were repressed and displaced. The only hope was brought by the partisans of AK.
After the Warsaw Uprising eneded, Konstancin became a huge common bedroom of those who fled the ruined Warsaw. The monuments of the city were much devastated at that time.
Many famous medical authorities moved here and started rising new medical centers and hospitals to replace those ruined in Warsaw. The fames coming to Konstancin included among others: prof. Filiński, prof. Weiss.



Autor : Józef Hertel członek stowarzyszenia Autorów "ZAIKS", nr.leg: 1539F, wszelkie prawa zastrzeżone